Friday, September 22, 2023

Sudden Sneezing And Runny Nose

What Treatment Is Recommended For A Runny Nose Due To An Allergy

What causes nasal congestion & sneezing every morning? – Dr. Honey Ashok
  • Stay indoors when the pollen count is high, usually in the early morning and on windy days.
  • Keep windows closed during allergy season, and use air conditioning whenever possible.
  • Wear a dust mask if working outdoors. Change clothing and take a shower right away after coming indoors.
  • Avoid contact with cats and dogs if you are sensitive to animal dander.

Also, there are many safe and effective over-the-counter medications available to help control allergy symptoms, such as nasal steroid sprays and oral antihistamines. If the symptoms are severe, your healthcare provider may recommend prescription medications, or refer you to an allergist for testing and targeted therapy.

Is Sneezing A Symptom Of Covid

The Zoe Covid study, which has been collecting data on the virus throughout the pandemic, says sneezing is not normally a symptom of Covid-19, and much more likely to be a sign of a regular cold or allergy.

Even though many people with Covid-19 might sneeze, its not a definitive symptom because sneezing is so common, especially in the warmer months where people might experience hay fever, its experts say.

However, data from the study does suggest sneezing more than usual can be a sign of Covid-19, but only in people whove been vaccinated.

Vaccinated people experience the same kinds of symptoms as unvaccinated people do, but their illness is milder and shorter. We also know that more people have asymptomatic Covid-19 after their jab, the Zoe study says.

Interestingly, our data shows that people who had been vaccinated and then tested positive for Covid-19 were more likely to report sneezing as a symptom compared with those without a jab. This suggests that sneezing a lot with no explanation after youve been vaccinated could be a sign of Covid-19.

The study experts recommend that if youve been vaccinated and start sneezing a lot without an explanation, you should stay at home at take a Covid test.

More on Covid-19

Allergic Rhinitis In Children

Children can develop allergic rhinitis too, and it typically appears before the age of 10. If you notice that your child develops cold-like symptoms at the same time each year, they probably have seasonal allergic rhinitis.

The symptoms in children are similar to those in adults. Children usually develop watery, bloodshot eyes, which is called allergic conjunctivitis. If you notice wheezing or shortness of breath in addition to other symptoms, your child may have also developed asthma.

If you believe your child has allergies, see your doctor. Its important to receive the correct diagnosis and treatment.

If your child does have significant seasonal allergies, limit your childs exposure to allergens by keeping them inside when pollen counts are high. Washing their clothes and sheets frequently during allergy season and vacuuming regularly may also be useful. Many different treatments are available to help your childs allergies. However, some medications can cause side effects, even in small doses. Always talk to your doctor before treating your child with any over-the-counter allergy medication.

The best way to prevent allergy symptoms is to manage your allergies before your body has a chance to respond to substances adversely. Consider the following preventive measures for the particular allergens youre sensitive to:

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What Provides Relief From A Blocked/runny Nose

If the runny nose is associated with a cold, rest is the best course of action. Inhalation of essential oils may provide relief as it helps the mucous to drain better. A cold usually will be gone after one to two weeks, and with it the blocked/runny nose.

In the case of a runny nose associated with an allergy, it is essential to avoid the causative stimuli. Tablets or nasal sprays may be prescribed which suppress the allergic reaction using the corresponding active substances .

In very severe cases, medications containing cortisone also may be used. These have a decongestant and anti-inflammatory effect but only should be used for a short period of time.


Key Points About Rhinitis

What makes us sneeze?
  • Rhinitis is a reaction that happens in the eyes, nose, and throat when allergens in the air trigger histamine to be released in the body.

  • Some of the most common causes of rhinitis are pollen, dust mites, mold, cockroach waste, animal dander, fumes and odors, hormonal changes, and smoke.

  • Symptoms of rhinitis include: sneezing, stuffy, runny, and itchy nose, and itchy throat, eyes, and ears, nosebleeds, clear drainage from the nose, ear infections that keep coming back, snoring, breathing through the mouth, and tiredness.

  • Treatment for rhinitis includes: medicines, allergy shots, and surgery for some health problems

  • Preventive measures for rhinitis include avoiding what you are allergic to.

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Is There A Seasonal Pattern To The Congestion

  • The cold and the flu tend to hit in the fall and winter.
  • Recurring nasal congestion in the spring, summer or fall, especially if it happens every year, could indicate allergies to pollen from trees, grass or weeds.
  • Chronic year-round nasal congestion could be a sign of allergy to dust mites or pets.
  • Chronic nasal congestion can also be seen in children with enlarged tonsils and adenoids.

Allergies Usually Do Not Cause Wet Coughs

While coughing is often a symptom of both allergies and colds, the type of cough for each is different. A cold cough is wet and hacking, and typically produces mucus or phlegm that gets progressively thicker, often taking on a green or yellow tinge.

Allergies can cause a cough that feels like you have a tickle in your throat. Thats because allergens often irritate the lining of your nose, which triggers your nasal passages to create a watery mucus. This can drip out of your nose and down the back of your throat, creating that tickling sensation. This is referred to as post-nasal drip.

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What Is Allergic Rhinitis

Allergic rhinitis is the medical term for hay fever or nasal allergies. By definition, allergic rhinitis is swelling of the nasal passages caused by allergens. Its important to note that while many people refer to it as hay fever, it is not caused by hay. Nor does is cause a fever. Allergic rhinitis is triggered by having allergies. You have an allergy when your body overreacts to things that dont cause problems for most people. These things are called allergens.

There are 2 forms of allergic rhinitis:

  • Seasonal :Caused by an allergy to pollen and/or mold spores in the air. Pollen is the fine powder that comes from flowering plants. It can be carried through the air and is easily inhaled. Symptoms are seasonal and usually occur in spring, late summer, and fall. This is the most common form of allergy.
  • Perennial:Caused by other allergens such as dust mites, pet hair or dander, or mold. Symptoms occur year-round.

What Causes Allergic Rhinitis

How to tell the flu from a cold

When your body comes into contact with an allergen, it releases histamine, which is a natural chemical that defends your body from the allergen. This chemical can cause allergic rhinitis and its symptoms, including a runny nose, sneezing, and itchy eyes.

In addition to tree pollen, other common allergens include:

  • grass pollen

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Clear Runny Nose Quiz

  • Hormonal changes such as during pregnancy
  • Eating spicy foods
  • Pollution or smoke

In some cases, like in pregnancy, a runny nose will resolve on its own, while in other cases, you might need treatment if the symptoms continue to bother you. If your symptoms are occurring frequently, medications might be the next step.

Treatments include nasal steroid sprays, nasal antihistamine sprays, and a medication called ipratropium .

When Does A Runny Nose Need To Be Treated By A Healthcare Provider

Again, your runny nose should go away on its own. However, if the symptoms are severe, they last more than 10 days, or if youre taking care of a child whose drainage only comes from one side, gets green or blood or foul-smelling, then you should see a healthcare provider.

A note from Cleveland Clinic

Who hasnt had a runny nose? Getting a dripping or runny nose in the cold or when you have a cold, the flu or allergies is common. It usually doesnt mean theres an infection or something serious. Remember to use good hygiene practices to prevent a runny nose or similar issues. See a healthcare provider if your or your childs runny nose seems unusual.

Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 04/19/2021.


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When To Call The Doctor

Pro Tip

The most important thing you should tell your doctor is if youve been having any fevers, pain, or loss of smell. This can point to potentially more serious causes of a runny nose that should be investigated further. Dr. Khokhar

A runny nose from a viral infection usually gets better on its own. However, if you start running a fever, notice colored or thick drainage, or your symptoms havent improved on their own, call your doctor. You might have a bacterial infection, which will need to be treated with antibiotics.

You may also want to see your doctor if youre not sure whats causing your runny nose. By discussing your history of symptoms and possibly being tested for allergies, you may be able to identify the cause.

If over-the-counter remedies arent working, the doctor can also discuss prescription options.

If The Cause Is Mixed Rhinitis

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Mixed rhinitis can be treated with medications that target inflammation and congestion, including:

  • oral decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine and phenylephrine
  • nasal decongestants, such as oxymetazoline hydrochloride

Complications from a runny nose are rarely dangerous, but they can be bothersome. Below are some possible complications of chronic congestion:

  • Nasal polyps. These are harmless growths in the lining of your nose or sinuses.
  • Sinusitis. Sinusitis is an infection or inflammation of the membrane lining the sinuses.
  • Middle ear infections. Middle ear infections are caused by increased fluid and congestion.
  • Reduced quality of life. You may have trouble socializing, working, exercising, or sleeping.

If you need immediate relief from a runny nose, your best bet is to use a . Be sure to talk to your doctor about possible drug interactions.

Otherwise, your treatment for a runny nose will depend on whats causing it.

If you need long-term relief, it might take a few weeks of trial and error for you to find an allergy medication that works for you.

It may also take time to pinpoint a specific irritant thats triggering your symptoms, especially if its a common food flavoring, such as garlic.

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Cleaning Your Nasal Passages

Regularly cleaning your nasal passages with a salt water solution known as nasal douching or irrigation can also help by keeping your nose free of irritants.

You can do this either by using a homemade solution or a solution made with sachets of ingredients bought from a pharmacy.

Small syringes or pots that often look like small horns or teapots are also available to help flush the solution around the inside of your nose.

To make the solution at home, mix half a teaspoon of salt and half a teaspoon of bicarbonate of soda into a pint of boiled water that’s been left to cool to around body temperature do not attempt to rinse your nose while the water is still hot.

To rinse your nose:

  • stand over a sink, cup the palm of one hand and pour a small amount of the solution into it
  • sniff the water into one nostril at a time
  • repeat this until your nose feels comfortable you may not need to use all of the solution

While you do this, some solution may pass into your throat through the back of your nose. The solution is harmless if swallowed, but try to spit out as much of it as possible.

Nasal irrigation can be carried out as often as necessary, but a fresh solution should be made each time.

What Other Symptoms May Come With A Runny Nose

Postnasal drip is a side effect of too much mucus. It occurs when the mucus goes down the back of your throat and is swallowed, which may lead to a cough or sore throat.

Sometimes, a runny nose and a congested, or stuffy, nose are seen together. Congestion occurs when the tissues lining the nose become swollen and make it difficult to breathe. The swelling is due to inflamed blood vessels. Mucus may begin to run out of your nose.

A runny nose due to a cold or flu may be accompanied by fatigue, sore throat, cough, facial pressure and sometimes fever.

A runny nose due to allergies may be accompanied by sneezing and itchy, watery eyes.

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Is It A Cold Or An Allergy Should You Call Your Primary Care Provider

Your child has a runny nose and a headache. You are worried it might be more than just a cold, but youre not sure. How do you tell the difference between a cold, allergies and a chest infection? Should you call your primary care provider?

Juhee Lee, MD, an attending physician with the Division of Allergy and Immunology at Childrens Hospital of Philadelphia , offers guidance to parents on:

  • Recognizing the symptoms of different conditions that cause nasal congestion
  • When to call your primary care provider
  • What specialists can help

Avoiding The Cause Of The Allergy

Is it the flu, or do you have allergies?

If you have persistent rhinitis caused by an allergy, by avoiding the cause of an allergy, symptoms should reduce and stop. However, this is not as easy as it sounds.

  • If you are allergic to house dust mite, you may find that symptoms are less severe if you reduce the number of mites in your home. This is hard work and involves using bedding covers and regular cleaning and vacuuming with particular attention to your bedroom and bedclothes. The measures that need to be taken can be inconvenient and expensive. Also, there is a lack of good-quality evidence in clinical trials and studies for the effectiveness of reducing the numbers of house dust mites in terms of reducing rhinitis symptoms. This may be because it is impossible to keep your home completely clear of house dust mites.
  • If a pet is the cause then for some people it is easy to give up the pet. However, for others it would be a great sadness to lose a pet. It may help if you keep pets out of the main living areas and in particular, out of your bedroom. Washing pets regularly can also help.

See separate leaflet called House Dust Mite and Pet Allergy for more details on how to reduce house dust mite. However, treatment with a nasal spray or tablets often works so well that you may not have much motivation or need to avoid the cause of the allergy. Saying that, it is thought that if you have a pet or animal allergy and you do avoid any further contact, you may reduce your risk of developing asthma.

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You Could Be Experiencing Propofol Intolerance

In most cases, general surgery procedures require the use of Propofol as an induction agent. Propofol works to slow down our brain activity and the nervous system during surgery. Some people develop some flu-like symptoms after recovering from anesthesia with Propofol.

The flu-like symptoms include sneezing and a runny nose which may last for hours or some days. The reactions will disappear on their own in some people, while others require medication. Some peoples experiences may worry you, but you should know that anesthetic drugs may affect people differently.

If you realize some allergic reaction with Propofol, it would be best to voice your concerns before anesthesia. No adverse effects have become identified in otherwise healthy individuals, so you should not feel stressed when you get a runny nose after anesthesia.

Why Is My Cat Sneezing

Your cat sneezes for the same reason we sneeze its a natural reaction to clear out irritants in the nose. Occasional sneezing is entirely normal and often is not linked to any infection or disease just a bit of dust, pollen, or even excitement!

However, there are many reasons why your cat may be sneezing more than usual. From infections to allergies, some of the most common causes of cat sneezing are as follows.

  • Upper Respiratory Infection
  • Asthma/allergies
  • Upper Respiratory Infection

    Upper respiratory infection in cats often begins with a primary viral infection combined with a secondary bacterial infection in cats.

    Cats catch upper respiratory infections through:

    • Direct contact with infected kitty
    • Indirect contact by sharing water & food bowls or toys
    • Being in shelters, kennels and other cramped places with little air circulation.

    There are three causes of feline respiratory infections and cat sneezing:

    • Calicivirus

    And while any cat can catch these illnesses, felines that are most vulnerable are immunocompromised cats , stressed kitties, young and old cats.

    You might be thinking How can a cat be stressed? Their lives seem so cosy and carefree.

    While its true, cats seem to sleep all day, eat whenever they want and roam the house without any rules, cats actually get stressed out very easily.

    New changes can stress cats out. Scenarios like moving, new pets, new roommates or even new furniture can make a cats anxiety soar for a limited amount of time.

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    When To Call Your Healthcareprovider

    Seek medical care if you have a runny nose with:

    • Bloody nasal mucus or nosebleeds.
    • Dripping that tastes metallic or salty.
    • Facial pain.
    • Mucus that changes from clear to yellow or green.
    • One-sided running or dripping.

    Most of the time, the cause of a chronic runny nose is allergies. But talk to your healthcare provider if you have a chronic runny nose and havent been diagnosed with allergies. Finding out the cause and getting treatment if needed will help you feel your best again.

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